Madan Mohan Malaviya

Madan Mohan Malaviya(Dec 25, 1861 – Forever)

He was an Indian politician, notable for his role in the freedom struggle and one of the founders of scouting in India. Scouting for native Indians was started by Justice Vivian Bose, Madan Mohan Malaviya, Pandit Hridayanath Kunzru, Annie Besant and George Arundale, in 1913. He was founder editor of two nationalist weeklies called Hindustan (in Hindi) and The Indian Union (in English).Malaviya was the president of the Indian National Congress in 1909 and in 1918. Like many of the contemporary leaders of Indian National Congress he was a Moderate. He later established Banaras Hindu University, commonly known as BHU, a prominent institution of learning in India today. In 1928 he joined Lala Lajpat Rai, Jawaharlal Nehru and many others in protesting against the Simon Commission, which had been set up by the British to consider India’s future.

With Mahatma Gandhi he represented India at the First Round Table Conference in 1931. Malaviya popularised the famous slogan “Satyameva Jayate” (Truth alone will triump). He was a great educationist. Malaviya’s zeal for public work made him realise the necessity of starting newspapers particularly in Hindi, for the education of the public. He started the Abhyudaya as a Hindi weekly in 1907 and made it a daily in 1915. He also started the Maryada a Hindi monthly in 1910 and another Hindi monthly, in 1921. He started the Leader, an English daily in October 1909. He was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.

He worked for the eradication of caste barrier in temples and other social barriers. He is believed to have undergone a Kayakalpa. Also, he organized a mass of 200 Dalit peoples, including the Hindu Dalit (Harijan) leader P. N. Rajbhoj to demand entry at the Kalaram Temple on a Rath Yatra day.

A Collection By Chetan

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