Hakim Azmal Khan

Hakim Azmal Khan(1863 – Forever)

He was a noted Indian freedom fighter, renowned physician and educationalist. He was the founder and the first chancellor of the Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi. He is the only person to have been elected President of both the Indian National Congress (1921) and the Muslim League, as well as the All India Khilafat Committee.
In 1901, after the death of his eldest brother, Hakim Abdul Majid, he founded three institutions in Delhi – the Central College in Delhi, the Pharmacy of Indian Medicines and the Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia Conference. In recognition of his services in this field the Government of India conferred on him, in 1907 the title of Haziq-ul-Mulk. But in 1910, Dr. Khan was organizing Indian physicians in protest of a Government decision to revoke official recognition for the practitioners of Indian systems of medicine, of Unani and Ayurveda.

Dr. Khan also backed the British during World War I, encouraging Indians to support the government, but the situation changed with the entry of Turkey. Upon the arrest of many Muslim leaders, Dr. Khan came to Mahatma Gandhi for support, who joined Khan and other Muslim leaders like Maulana Azad, Maulana Mohammad Ali and Maulana Shaukat Ali in the Khilafat movement. Dr. Khan resigned from the AMU when the authorities refused to endorse or participate in the Non-Cooperation Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.

Dr. Khan had left the AMU owing to its historic resistance to the Indian National Congress. Along with many prominent Muslim nationalists like Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, he laid the foundations of the Jamia Millia Islamia (Islamic National University) in Aligarh in 1920, in response to Mahatma Gandhi’s call for Indians to boycott government institutions. The JMI grew into a prominent and prestigious university, and was moved to Delhi, where it stands today. Dr. Khan served as its first Chancellor, and was a key patron of the institution.

Dr. Khan had renounced his government title, and many of his Indian fans awarded him the title of Masih-ul-Mulk (Healer of the Nation).

A Collection By Chetan.

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